Every year since 1901 the Nobel Prize has been awarded for achievements in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and for peace. The Nobel Prize is an international award administered by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm, Sweden. The foundations for the prize were laid in 1895 when Alfred Nobel wrote his last will, leaving much of his wealth to establish the Nobel Prize. Each prize consists of a medal, personal diploma, and a cash award.
Robert G. Edwards for the development of in vitro fertilization.
Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov “for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene”.
Richard F. Heck, Ei-ichi Negishi, Akira Suzuki "for palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis".
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