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ARTICLE_DESCRIPTION <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana; font-size: 13px; "><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">As the&nbsp;</font><a title="United States Secretary of Labor" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; " href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Secretary_of_Labor"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">U.S. Secretary of Labor</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;from 1933 to 1945, she helped pull the&nbsp;</font><a title="Labor unions in the United States" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; " href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labor_unions_in_the_United_States"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">labor movement</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;into the&nbsp;</font><a title="New Deal coalition" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; " href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Deal_coalition"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">New Deal coalition</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">.</font></span>&nbsp;
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ARTICLE_TEXT <p><font class="Apple-style-span" face="Verdana"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: 13px; "> <div style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; "><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">During her term as Secretary of Labor,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.aflcio.org/aboutus/history/history/perkins.cfm" id="wedq" title="Frances Perkins" style="color: rgb(85, 26, 139); ">Frances Perkins</a>&nbsp;championed many aspects of the&nbsp;</font><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Deal" title="New Deal" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; "><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">New Deal</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">, including the&nbsp;</font><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civilian_Conservation_Corps" title="Civilian Conservation Corps" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; "><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">Civilian Conservation Corps</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">, the&nbsp;</font><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_Works_Administration" title="Public Works Administration" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; "><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">Public Works Administration</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;and its successor the&nbsp;</font><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Works_Agency" title="Federal Works Agency" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; "><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">Federal Works Agency</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">, and the labor portion of the&nbsp;</font><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Industrial_Recovery_Act" title="National Industrial Recovery Act" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; "><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">National Industrial Recovery Act</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">.&nbsp;</font></div> <font class="Apple-style-span" size="2"><br /> </font> <div style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; "><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">With&nbsp;</font><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2"><a href="http://www.ssa.gov/history/35actinx.html" id="radj" title="The Social Security Act" style="color: rgb(85, 26, 139); ">The Social Security Act</a></font></font><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;she established&nbsp;</font><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unemployment_benefits" title="Unemployment benefits" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; "><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">unemployment benefits</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">,&nbsp;</font><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pension" title="Pension" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; "><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">pensions</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;for the many uncovered elderly Americans, and&nbsp;</font><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welfare" title="Welfare" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; "><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">welfare</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;for the poorest Americans.&nbsp;</font></div> <font class="Apple-style-span" size="2"><br /> </font> <div style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; "><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">Through the&nbsp;</font><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2"><a href="http://www.dol.gov/whd/flsa/index.htm" id="heue" title="Fair Labor Standards Act" style="color: rgb(85, 26, 139); ">Fair Labor Standards Act</a></font></font><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">, she established the first&nbsp;</font><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minimum_wage" title="Minimum wage" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; "><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">minimum wage</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;and&nbsp;</font><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overtime" title="Overtime" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; "><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">overtime</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;laws for American workers, and defined the standard 40-hour work week.&nbsp;</font></div> <font class="Apple-style-span" size="2"><br /> </font> <div style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; "><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">She formed governmental policy for working with&nbsp;</font><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trade_union" title="Trade union" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; "><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">labor unions</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;and helped to alleviate&nbsp;</font><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strike_action" title="Strike action" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; "><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">strikes</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;by way of the&nbsp;</font><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">United States Conciliation Service and r</font></font><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">esisted having American women be drafted to serve the military in&nbsp;</font><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II" title="World War II" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; "><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">World War II</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;so that they could enter the civilian workforce in greatly expanded numbers.<br /> </font></div> <br /> <br /> <div style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; "><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">Read More</font></div> <br /> <div style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; "><a href="http://coolcat.org/record=b2451699~S1" id="fpox" title="The woman behind the New Deal: the life of&nbsp;Frances&nbsp;Perkins, FDR's Secretary of Labor and his moral conscience">The woman behind the New Deal: the life of Frances Perkins, FDR's Secretary of Labor and his moral conscience</a></div> <br /> <div style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; "><font class="Apple-style-span" face="verdana, geneva, arial, helvetica, sans-serif"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#202020"><a href="http://coolcat.org/record=b2437481~S1" id="a_x." title="Nothing to fear: FDR's inner circle and the hundred days that created modern America">Nothing to fear: FDR's inner circle and the hundred days that created modern America</a><b>&nbsp;</b></font></font></div> <b><br /> </b><font class="Apple-style-span" face="verdana, geneva, arial, helvetica, sans-serif"><a href="http://coolcat.org/record=b1252620~S1" id="s97e" title="A woman unafraid: the achievements of&nbsp;Frances&nbsp;Perkins">A woman unafraid: the achievements of Frances Perkins</a></font></span></span></font></p> <p>&nbsp;</p>
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Law

Frances Perkins

During her term as Secretary of Labor, Frances Perkins championed many aspects of the New Deal, including the Civilian Conservation Corps, the Public Works Administration and its successor the Federal Works Agency, and the labor portion of the National Industrial Recovery Act

With The Social Security Act she established unemployment benefitspensions for the many uncovered elderly Americans, and welfare for the poorest Americans. 

Through the Fair Labor Standards Act, she established the first minimum wage and overtime laws for American workers, and defined the standard 40-hour work week. 

She formed governmental policy for working with labor unions and helped to alleviate strikes by way of the United States Conciliation Service and resisted having American women be drafted to serve the military in World War II so that they could enter the civilian workforce in greatly expanded numbers.


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A woman unafraid: the achievements of Frances Perkins

 


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