by Henry David Thoreau
Thoreau wrote this classic essay to advocate public resistance to the laws and acts of government that he considered unjust. The practical application of "Civil Disobedience" was largely ignored until the 20th century when, at different times, Modanda Ghandi, Martin Luther King, Jr. and anti-Vietnam War activists applied Thoreau's principles for their cause.
by Thomas Paine
Paine's "Common Sense" was a call to the American colonists to fight for their independence from British rule. It sold as many as 120,000 copies within the first three months of when it was released, 500,000 in the first year. Nearly every literate person in the colonies read it. In the history of literature, there is nothing that compares to the impact that this book made.
De Civitate Dei
by Saint Augustine
Augustine wrote the treatise to explain Christianity's relationship with competing religions and philosophies, and to the Roman government with which it was increasingly intertwined. Also known as The City of God this work laid the foundation of the Holy Roman Empire and paved the way for the subordination of the state to the church.
by Adolf Hitler
Mein Kampf, in English, "My Struggle," combines elements of autobiography with an exposition of Hitler's political ideology. It has been called the "propagandistic masterpiece of the age" and viewed as the "most incriminating book of the twentieth century".
Plato Unmasked: The Dialogues Made New
Plato was a Classical Greek philosopher, mathematician, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Along with his mentor, Socrates, and his student, Aristotle, Plato helped to lay the foundations of natural philosophy, science and Western philosophy. "Plato Unmasked: The Dialogues Made New" is a compilation of some of Plato's most profound works including Crito, Apology, Phaedo, Symposium, Republic, Statesman, Laws, and Timaeus.
The Basic Works of Aristotle
Preserved by Arabic mathematicians and canonized by Christian scholars, Aristotle' s works have shaped Western thought, science, and religion for nearly 2,000 years. Richard McKeon 's "The Basic Works of Aristotle" has long been considered the best available one-volume Aristotle.
"The Iliad" is an epic poem recounting significant events during a portion of the final year of the Trojan War. It constitutes the primary source from which all later European literature derives.
The Interpretation of Dreams
by Sigmund Freud
The book introduces Freud's theory of the unconscious with respect to dream interpretation. Freud formulated ideas and terms that have now become part of our daily living. Virtually every field of knowledge has felt the effects of his teachings.
The Origin of Species
by Charles Darwin
This book introduced the theory that populations evolve over the course of generations through a process of natural selection, and presented a body of evidence that the diversity of life arose through a branching pattern of evolution and common descent. Darwin's concept of evolutionary adaptation through natural selection became central to modern evolutionary theory, now the unifying concept of the life sciences.
by Niccolo Machiavelli
The theories expressed in "The Prince" describe methods that an aspiring prince can use to acquire the throne, or an existing prince can use to maintain his reign. Machiavelli's ideals on ruling a country have had a profound impact on political leaders throughout the modern west including Napolean I, Benito Mussolini, and Joseph Stalin. The work is responsible for bringing the word "Machiavellian" into wide usage as a pejorative term.
The Real Price of Everything: Rediscovering the Six Classics of Economics
by Michael Lewis
A compilation of masterworks that revolutionized the way we understand the modern economy on a national, regional, and global scale. Includes the following works: "The Wealth of Nations" by Adam Smith, "An Essay on the Principle of Population" by Thomas Malthus, "Principles of Political Economy and Taxation" by David Ricardo, "The Theory of the Leisure Class: An Economic Study of Institutions" by Thorstein Veblen, "The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money" by John Maynard Keynes.
The three plays--"Antigone," "Oedipus the King," and "Oedipus at Colonus" are not strictly a trilogy, but all are based on the Theban myths that were old even in Sophocles' time. Aristotle called "Oedipus The King," the masterpiece of the whole of Greek theater. Today, nearly 2,500 years after it was written, scholars and audiences still consider it one of the most powerful dramatic works ever made.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
by Harriet Beecher Stowe
"Uncle Tom's Cabin or, Life Among the Lowly" is an anti-slavery novel. Published in 1852, the novel had a profound effect on attitudes toward African Americans and slavery in the United States, so much in the latter case that the novel intensified the sectional conflict leading to the American Civil War.