History of Greene County, Missouri
1883

R. I. Holcombe, Editing Historian


 History of Missouri

Chapter 7: Missouri As a State

First Election for Governor and other State Officers祐enators and Representatives to General Assembly祐heriffs and Coroners誘. S. Senators由epresentatives in Congress祐upreme Court Judges佑ounties Organized佑apital Moved to St. Charles涌fficial Record of Territorial and State Officers.


By the Constitution adopted by the Convention on the 19th of July, 1820, the General Assembly was required to meet in St. Louis on the third Monday in September of that year, and an election was ordered to be held on the 28th of August for the election of a Governor and other State officers, Senators and Representatives to the General Assembly, Sheriffs and Coroners, United States Senators and Representatives in Congress.

It will be seen that Missouri had not as yet been admitted as a State, but in anticipation of that event, and according to the provisions of the constitution, the election was held, and the General Assembly convened.

William Clark (who had been Governor of the Territory) and Alexander McNair were the candidates for Governor. McNair received 6,576 votes, Clark 2,556, total vote of the State 9,132. There were three candidates for Lieutenant-Governor, to wit: William H. Ashley, Nathaniel Cook and Henry Elliot. Ashley received 3,907 votes, Cook 3,212, Elliot 931. A Representative was to be elected for the residue of the Sixteenth Congress and one for the Seventeenth. John Scott who was at the time Territorial delegate, was elected to both Congresses without opposition.

The General Assembly elected in August met on the 19th of September, 1820, and organized by electing James Caldwell, of Ste. Genevieve, speaker, and John McArthur clerk; William H. Ashley, Lieutenant-Governor, President of the Senate; Silas Bent, President, pro tem.

Mathias MeGirk, John D. Cook, and John R. Jones were appointed Supreme Judges, each to hold office until sixty-five years of age.

Joshua Barton was appointed Secretary of State; Peter Didier, State Treasurer; Edward Bates, Attorney-General, and William Christie, Auditor of Public Accounts. [37]

David Barton and Thomas H. Benton were elected by the General Assembly to the United States Senate.

At this session of the Legislature the counties of Boone, Callaway, Chariton, Cole, Gasconade, Lillard, Perry, Ralls, Ray and Saline were organized.

We should like to give in details the meetings and proceedings of the dijfferent Legislatures which followed the elections for Governors and other State officers; the elections for Congressmen and United States Senators, but for want of space we can only present in a condensed form the official record of the Territorial and State officers.

OFFICIAL RECORD裕ERRITORIAL OFFICERS.
Governors.

Frederick Bates, Secretary and Acting-Governor覧1812-13
William Clark覧1813-20


OFFICERS OF STATE GOVERNMENT.

GOVERNORS

Alexander McNair

1820-24

Frederick Bates

1824-25

Abraham J. Williams, vice Bates

1825

John Miller, vice Bates

1825

John Miller

1828-32

Daniel Dunkin, (1832-36) resigned; appointed Surveyor General of the U.S. Lilburn W. Boggs, vice Dunklin

1836

Lilburn W. Boggs

1836-40

Thomas Reynolds (died 1844)

1840-44

M. M. Marmaduke vice Reynolds憂ohn C. Edwards

1844-48

Austin A. King

1848-52

Sterling Price

1852-56

Trusten Polk (resigned)

1856-57

Hancock Jackson, vice Polk

1857

Robert M. Stewart, vice Polk

1857-60

C. F. Jackson (1860), office vacated by ordinance; Hamilton R. Gamble, vice Jackson; Gov. Gamble died 1864

Willard P. Hall, vice Gamble

1864

Thomas C. Fletcher

1864-68

Joseph W. McClurg

1868-70

B. Gratz Brown

1870-72

Silas Woodson

1872-74

Charles H. Hardin

1874-76

John S. Phelps

1876-80

Thomas T. Crittenden (now Governor)

1880

LIEUTENANT-GOVERNORS

 

William H. Ashley

1820-24

Benjamin H. Reeves

1824-28

Daniel Dunklin

1828-32

Lilburn W. Boggs

1832-36

Franklin Cannon

1836-40

M. M. Marmaduke

1840-44

James Young

1844-48

Thomas L. Rice

1848-52

Wilson Brown

1852-55

Hancock Jackson

1855-56

Thomas C. Reynolds

1860-61

Willard P. Hall

1861-64

George Smith

1864-68

Edwin O. Stanard

1868-70

Joseph J. Gravelly

1870-72

Charles P. Johnson

1872-74

Norman J. Coleman

1874-76

Henry C. Brockmeyer

1876-80

Robert A. Campbell (past incumbent)

1880

[38]

SECRETARIES OF STATE

 

Joshua Barton

1820-21

William G. Pettis

1821-24

Hamilton R. Gamble

1824-26

Spencer Pettis

1826-28

P. H. McBride

1829-30

John C. Edwards (term expired 1835, reappointed 1837, resigned 1837

1830-37

Peter G. Glover

1837-39

James L. Minor

1839-45

F. H. Martin

1845-49

Ephraim B. Ewing

1849-52

John M. Richardson

1852-56

Benjamin F. Massey (re-elected 1860 for four years

1856-60

Mordecai Oliver

1861-64

Francis Rodman (re-elected 1868 for two years)

1864-68

Eugene F. Weigel, (re-elected 1872, for two years)

1870-72

Michael K. McGrath (present incumbent)

1874

[38-39]

 

STATE TREASURERS

 

Peter Didier

1820-21

Nathaniel Simonds

1821-28

James Earickson

1829-33

John Walker

1833-1838

Abraham McClellan

1838-43

Peter G. Glover

1843-51

A. W. Morrison

1851-60

George C. Bingham

1862-64

William Bishop

1864-68

William Q. Dallmeyer

1868-70

Samuel Hays

1872

Harvey W. Salmon

1872-74

Joseph W. Mercer

1874-76

Elijah Gates

1876-80

Phillip E. Chappell (present incumbent)

1880

ATTORNEY-GENERALS.

Edward Bates 覧 1820-21
Rufus Easton 覧 1821-26
Robt. W. Wells 覧 1826-36
William B. Napton 覧 1836-39
S. M. Bay 覧 1839-45
B. F. Stringfellow 覧 1845-49
William A. Robards 覧 1849-51
James B. Gardenhire 覧 1851-56
Ephraim W. Ewing 覧 1856-59
James P. Knott 覧 1859-61
Aikman Welch 覧 1861-64
Thomas T. Crittenden 覧 1864
Robert F. Wingate 覧 1864-68
Horace P. Johnson 覧 1868-70
A. J. Baker 覧 1870-72
Henry Clay Ewing 覧 1872-74
John A. Hockaday 覧 1874-76
Jackson L. Smith 覧 1876-80
D. H. McIntire (present incumbent) 覧 1880

AUDITORS OF PUBLIC ACCOUNTS

William Christie 覧 1820-21
William V. Rector 覧 1821-23
Elias Barcroft 覧 1823-33
Henry Shurlds 覧 1833-35
Peter G. Glover 覧 1835-37
Hiram H. Baber 覧 1837-45
William Monroe 覧 1845
J. R. McDermon 覧 1845-48
George W. Miller 覧 1848-49
Wilson Brown 覧 1849-52
William H. Buffington 覧 1852-60
William S. Moseley 覧 1860-64
Alonzo Thompson 覧 1864-68
Daniel M. Draper 覧 1868-72
George B. Clark 覧 1872-74
Thomas Holladay 覧 1874-80
John Walker (present incumbent) 覧 1880

JUDGES OF SUPREME COURT.

Matthias McGirk 覧 1822-41
John D. Cooke 覧 1822-23
John R. Jones 覧 1822-24
Rufus Pettibone 覧 1823-25
Geo. Tompkins 覧 1824-45
Robert Wash 覧 1825-37
John C. Edwards 覧 1837-39
Wm. Scott 1 覧 1843
P. H. McBride 覧 1845
Wm. B. Napton 覧 1849-52
John F. Ryland 覧 1849-51
John H. Birch 覧 1849-51
Wm. Scott, John F. Ryland, and Hamilton R. Gamble2 覧 1851
Gamble (resigned) 覧 1854
Abiel Leonard elected to fill vacancy of Gamble.
Wm. B. Napton (vacated by failure to file oath).
Wm. Scott and John C. Richardson3 覧 1857
E. B. Ewing ( to fill Richardson's resignation) 覧 1859
Barton Bates (appointed) 覧 1862
W. V. N. Bay (appointed) 覧 1862

[39]
__________________

1 Appointed 1841 till meeting of General Assembly in place of McGirk, resigned; reappointed.
2 Elected by the people, for six years.
3 Resigned, elected August, for six years.

JUDGES OF SUPREME COURT
(continued)

John D. S. Dryden (appointed) 覧 1862
Barton Bates 覧 1863-65
W. V. N. Bay (elected) 覧 1863
John D. S. Dryden (elected) 覧 1863
David Wagner (appointed) 覧 1865
Wallace L. Lovelace (appointed) 覧 1865
Nathaniel Holmes (appointed) 覧 1865
Thomas J. C. Fagg (appointed) 覧 1866
James Baker (appointed) 覧 1866
David Wagner (elected) 覧 1868-70
Philemon Bliss 覧 1868-70
Warren Currier 覧 1868-70
Washington Adams (appointed to fill Cuirrier's place, who resigned) 覧 1871
Ephraim B. Ewing (elected) 覧 1872
Thomas A. Sherwood (elected) 覧 1872
W. B. Napton (appointed in place of Ewing, deceased) 覧 1873
Edward A. Lewis (appointed, in place of Adams, resigned) 覧 1874
Warwick Hough (elected) 覧 1874
William B. Napton (elected) 覧 1874-80
John W. Henry 覧 1876-86
Robert D. Ray succeeded Wm. B. Napton in 覧 1880
Elijah H. Norton (appointed in 1876), elected 覧 1878
T. A. Sherwood (re-elected) 覧 1882

UNITED STATES SENATORS

T. H. Benton 覧 1820-1850
D. Barton 覧 1820-30
Alex. Buckner 覧 1830-33
L. F. Linn 覧 1833-43
D. R. Atchison 覧 1843-55
H. S. Geyer 覧 1851-57
James S. Green 覧 1857-61
T. Polk 覧 1857-63
Waldo P. Johnson 覧 1861
Robert Wilson 覧 1861
B. Gratz Brown (for unexpired term of Johnson) 覧 1863
J. B. Henderson 覧 1863-69
Charles D. Drake 覧 1867-70
Carl Schurz 覧 1869-75
D. F. Jewett (in place of Drake, resigned) 覧 1870
F. P. Blair 覧 1871-77
L. V. Bogy 覧 1873
James Shields (elected for unexpired term of Bogy) 覧 1879
D. H. Armstrong appointed for unexpired term of Bogy.
F. M. Cockrell (re-elected 1881) 1875-81
George G. Vest 覧 1879

REPRESENTATIVES TO CONGRESS.

John Scott 覧 1820-26
Ed. Bates 覧 1826-28
Spencer Pettis 覧 1828-31
William H. Ashley 覧1831-36
John Bull 覧 1832-34
Albert G. Harrison 覧1834-39
John Miller 覧1836-42
John Jameson (re-elected 1846 for two years) 覧 1839-44
John C. Edwards 覧 1840-42
James M. Hughes 覧 1842-44
James S. Green (re-elected 1856, resigned) 覧 1842-46
James B. Bowlin 覧 1842-50
Gustavus M. Bower 覧 1842-44
Sterling Price 覧 1844-46
William McDaniel 覧 1846
Leonard H. Sims 覧 1844-46
John S. Phelps 覧 1844-60
James S. Green (re-elected 1856, resigned) 覧 1846-50
Willard P. Hall 覧 1846-53
William V. N. Bay 覧 1848-61
John F. Darby 覧 1850-53
Gilchrist Porter 覧 1850-57
John G. Miller 覧 1850-56
Alfred W. Lamb 覧 1852-54
Thomas H. Benton 覧 1852-54
Mordecai Oliver 覧 1852-57
James J. Lindley 覧 1852-56
Samuel Caruthers 覧 1852-58
Thomas P. Akers (to fill unexpired term of J. G. Miller, deceased 覧 1855
Francis P. Blair, Jr. (re-elected 1860, resigned) 覧 1856
Thomas L. Anderson 覧 1856-60
James Craig 覧 1856-60
Samuel H. Woodson 覧 1856-60
John B. Clark, Sr. 覧 1857-61
J. Richard Barrett 覧 1860
John W. Noel 覧 1858-63
James S. Rollins 覧 1860-64
Elijah H. Norton 覧 1860-63
John W. Reid 覧 1860-61
William A. Hall 覧 1862-64
Thomas L. Price (in place of Reid, expelled) 覧 1862

[40]

REPRESENTATIVES TO CONGRESS
(continued)

Henry T. Blow 覧 1862-66
Sempronius T. Boyd (elected in 1862, and again in 1868, for two years.
Joseph W. mcClurg 覧 1862-1866
Austin A. King 覧 1862-64
Benjamin F. Loan 覧 1862-69
John G. Scott (in place of Noel, deceasee) 覧 1863
John Hogan 覧 1864-66
Thomas F. Noel 覧 1864-67
John R. Kelsoe 覧 1864-66
Robert T. Van Horn 覧 1864-71
John F. Benjamin 覧 1864-1871
George W. Anderson 覧 1864-69
William A. Pile 覧 1866-68
C. A. newcomb 覧 1866-68
C. A. Newcomb 覧 1866-68
Joseph J. Gravelly 覧 1866-68
James R. McCormack 覧 1866-73
John H. Stover in place of McClurg, resigned) 覧 1867
Erastus Wells 覧 1868-82
G. A. Finklenburg 覧 1868-71
Samuel S. Burdett 覧 1868-71
Joel F. Asper 覧 1868-70
David P. Dyer 覧 1868-70
Harrison E. Havens 覧 1870-75
Isaac G. Parker 覧 1870-75
James G. Blair 覧1870-72
Andrew King 覧 1870-72
Edwin O. Stanard 覧 1872-74
William H. Stone 覧 1872-74
Robert A. Hatcher (elected) 覧 1872
Richard B. Bland 覧 1872
Thomas T. Crittenden 覧 1872-74
Ira B. Hyde 覧 1872-74
John B. Clark, Jr. 覧 1872-78
John M. Glover 覧 1872
Aylett H. Buckner 覧 1872

COUNTIES 覧 WHEN ORGANIZED.

Adair January 29, 1841
Andrew January 29, 1841
Atchison January 14, 1845
Audrain December 17, 1836

Barry January 5, 1835
Barton December 12, 1835
Bates January 29, 1841
Benton January 3, 1835
Bollinger March 1, 1851
Boone November 16, 1820
Buchanan February 10, 1839
Butler February 27, 1849

Caldwell December 26, 1836
Callaway November 25, 1820
Camden January 29, 1841
Cape Girardeau October 1, 1812
Carroll January 3, 1833
Carter March 10, 1859
Cass September 14, 1835
Cedar February 14, 1845
Chariton November 16, 1820
Christian March 8, 1860
Clark December 15, 1818
Clay January 2, 1822
Clinton January 15, 1833
Cole November 16, 1820
Cooper December 17, 1818
Crawford 憂anuary 23, 1829

Dade January 29, 1841
Dallas December 10, 1844
Daviess December 29, 1836
DeKalb February 25, 1845
Dent February 10, 1851
Douglas October 19, 1857
Dunklin February 14, 1845

Franklin December 11, 1818
Gasconade November 12, 1841
Greene January 2, 1843
Grundy January 2, 1843

Harrison February 14, 1845
Henry December 13, 1834
Hickory February 14, 1845
Henry December 13, 1834
Hickory February 14, 1845
Holt February 15, 1841
Howard January 23, 1816
Howell March 2, 1857

Iron February 17, 1857
Jackson December 15, 1826
Jasper January 29, 1841
Jefferson December 8, 1818
Johnson December 13, 1834

Knox February 14, 1845
Laclede February 24, 1849
Lafayette November 16, 1820
Lawrence February 25, 1845
Lewis January 2, 1833
Lincoln December 14, 1818
Linn January 7, 1837
Livingston January 6, 1837

[42]

McDonald March 3, 1849
Macon January 6, 1837
Madison December 14, 1818
Maries March 2, 1855
Marion December 23, 1826
Mercer February 14, 1845
Miller February 6, 1837
Mississippi February 14, 1845
Moniteau February 14, 1845
Monroe January 6, 1831
Montgomery December 14, 1818
Morgan January 5, 1833

New Madrid October 1, 1812
Newton December 31, 1838
Nodaway February 14, 1845

Oregon February 14, 1845
Osage January 29, 1841
Ozark January 29, 1841

Pemiscot February 19, 1861
Perry November 16, 1820
Pettis January 26, 1838
Phelps November 18, 1857
Pike December 14, 1818
Platte December 31, 1838
Polk March 13, 1835
Pulaski December 15, 1818
Putnam February 28, 1845

Ralls November 16, 1820
Randolph 憂anuary 22, 1829
Ray 湧ovember 16, 1820
Reynolds February 25, 1846
Ripley January 5, 1833

St. Charles October 1, 1812
St. Clair January 29, 1841
St. Francois 優ecember 19, 1821
Ste. Genevieve 涌ctober 1, 1812
St. Louis October 1, 1812
Saline November 25, 1820
Schuyler February 14, 1845
Scotland 憂anuary 29, 1841
Scott December 28, 1821
Shannon 憂anuary 29, 1841
Shelby January 2, 1835
Stoddard 憂anuary 2, 1835
Stone 友ebruary 10, 1851
Sullivan February 16, 1845

Taney January 16, 1837
Texas February 14, 1835
Vernon 友ebruary 17, 1851

Warren January 5, 1833
Washington August 21, 1813
Wayne December 11, 1818
Webster 柚arch 8, 1855
Worth February 8, 1861
Wright January 29, 1841


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