Mail via Kidder--rural; no population.(--Standard Ref. Guide of MO., 1974, Rand McNally.)
Black Oak was incorporated as a village Sept. 6, 1880...(--Hist. of Caldwell Co., p. 589.)
It is situated in the southwest section of the county on PP west of KK.
Mail via Braymer; population 50.(--Rand McNally, 1974.)
Prior to the spring of 1881 the virtues of the Bonanza spring were unknown, save to a few...
In the spring of 1881, Dr. N. M. Smith of Kingston, formed a co-partnership with the owner of the land, W. B. Rutherford, Esq., and in June of that year the town was laid out...Under Dr. Smith's direction the water was analyzed, the spring improved...and the town fairly started during the summer of 1881...
The first house was completed by July 4, and was used first as a restaurant and then as a store. It was built and owned by Dr. Smith, whose wife afterwards conducted the store...Kern & Farrabee opened the first drug store in the fall of 1881.
The post-office was established in December, 1881, and Manford Kem was the first postmaster. The town was named by Dr. Smith. "Bonanza', a Spanish word signifying "good venture." In March 1882, Bonanza was incorporated by the county court as a village. B. Q. Fellows was one of the first mayors.
A population of 75 was claimed for the village in 1886.(--Caldwell Co., pp. 447, 448, 449.)
The post-office was discontinued prior 1905.(--General Scheme of MO., 1905, Taft, for the use of Railway Mail Clerks, p. 14) (It is no longer listed.)
Braymer (elevation 755 feet)
Braymer was laid off in 1887 and named for Judge Daniel Braymer, a banker.(--How MO. Counties, Streams & Towns Were Named, Eaton, p. 266 from a series in Missouri Historical Review.)
It is situated at Secs. 10, 11, & 15, Twp. 55 N, R. 26 W at the junction of 116, N & A.
Breckenridge (elevation 930 feet)
The town was laid out in the early fall of 1856...Prior to the laying out of the town there had been a store and post-office a mile east--the latter called Grand River. Joab Houghton was the first proprietor of the store and its managers were Davis & Terrell. Afterwards A. G. Davis owned the store and Wm. Calvin was his clerk.
The first building in Breckenridge was a small frame building in the eastern part of town, which was occupied by Hon. P. S. Kenney, as a store building.
The first building after the town was laid out was either a saloon owned by Brank Trosper and John Gist, or the store of Sidney McWilliams. The town was named in honor of John C. Breckenridge, of Kentucky, then Democratic Candidate for Vice-President under James Buchanan, and afterwards elected. The second syllable should be spelled "in" and not "en" as according to the testimony of his son, Hon. C. R. Breckinridge, the member of Congress from Arkansas; this was the mode of spelling used by Gen. Breckinridge himself.(--Caldwell Co., pp. 637, 638.)
Breckenridge Breckinridge, eleven miles east of Hamilton, was laid out in 1858 by J. B. Terrell, Henry Gist and James A. Price. It had 1 large steam flouring mill, 1 brewery, 1 broom, 1 cabinet, 3 carriage and 1 plow factory, and about 20 stores, 1 lumber yard, 2 hotels, 1 bank, 1 large grain depot, 5 church buildings...(--Campbell's Gazetteer of MO., 1874, p. 90, Conard, Vol. 1, 35.)
It is situated in the northeast corner of the county at Sec. 10, Twp. 57 N, R. 26 W on M north from Business 36.
It was a post-office 10 miles east of Kingston.(--Campbell, p. 90.)
It was situated at Sec. 20, 21, 28 & 29, Twp. 56 N, R. 26 W on Highway F west from A.
The post-office was discontinued prior 1905.(--Taft, p. 14) (It is no longer listed.)
Cowgill (elevation 960 feet)
Cowgill, laid off in 1887 and named for Judge Thomas Cowgill, a prominent citizen of the county.(--Eaton, p. 266.)
The town site was entered August 8th, 1836. Nearly all the first houses in Far West were log cabins. In a few months, however, some frame houses were built...Perhaps the first house built was by one Ormsby; this was in the summer of 1836...
In the summer of 1838, there were 150 houses in Far West. There were 4 drygoods stores, 3 family groceries, half a dozen blacksmith shops, and 2 hotels; a printing press and material were in the place, but no printing was ever done--at least no paper was issued.
In the summer of 1838, preparations were begun for the building of a temple in the center of the town...The Mormon records at Salt Lake City show that the corner stone was laid July 4, 1838...But little else was done, however, than to lay the corner stone.
Upon the departure of the Mormons, in 1839, many of the houses of Far West were either torn down or hauled away into the country to be used for farm and dwelling houses. The town, however, continued to be the county seat until 1843. The first house in Kingston after the town was laid off was removed from Far West by Walter A. Doak. Upon the removal of the county seat the town gradually sank into insignificance and dwindled away. The post-office, which was established in the fall of 1836, was continued for many years. The cemetery west of the town gradually fell into disuse and decay and in 1836 was a cornfield.
In 1886, the one mile square which formerly composed the town of Far West was cut up into fine farms...(--Caldwell Co., pp. 120, 121, 122.)
It was situated at Sec. 22, 14, Twp. 56 N, R. 29 W on D north from H.
Nothing is shown on the map; Highway 116 runs on the south side of the section which is in Twp. 55 N, R. 25 W.
It was eight miles south of Nettleton.(--The State of MO., in 1904, Williams, p. 341.)
The post-office was discontinued pre 1905.(--Taft, p. 14.)
Hamilton (elevation 990 feet)
In the spring of 1855, 40 acres (W. 1/2 Se. and E 1/2 Sw. Sw. Section 13) was laid off into lots and blocks...
It was first intended to name the town Prairie City, but Mr. Albert G. Davis decided to call it Hamilton, partly, as he said, in honor of Alexander Hamilton, and partly for Joseph Hamilton, attorney and soldier, who was killed under Gen. Harrison, at the battle of the Thames, in Canada, October 5, 1813, during the War of 1812 with Great Britain...
The first house in Hamilton was built by Albert G. Davis, in the summer of 1855...In the spring of 1857, Mr. Davis built the first store house in Hamilton. It was a frame building...
The railroad was completed through Hamilton February 14, 1859...The first depot was built in the fall of 1859, some months after the road came...Albert G. Davis was the first railroad and express agent...The first post-office at Hamilton was established in 1858. Albert G. Davis was postmaster...(--Caldwell Co., pp. 345, 346, 347, 348. See, also, Conard, Vol. 3, p. 162.)
It is situated at Sec. 13, 14, 23 & 24, Twp. 57 N, R. 28 W at the junction of 13, Business 36 & CC.
The post-office was discontinued pre 1905.(--Taft, p. 14.)
Mail now via Cameron, De Kalb Co., no population.(--Rand, McNally, 1974.)
Kidder (elevation 1020 feet)
Prior to 1860 the only railroad station was at the residence of Hon. P. S. Kenney, a mile or more west of the present town site. Here was a post-office called Emmett, and a store, both presided over by Judge Kenney. Trains often stopped and passengers and freight were taken on and discharged. Mr. Kenney officiated as station agent.
Kidder was laid out August 3, 1860, by Geo. S. Harris for F. W. Hunnewell and Ed. L. Baker, trustees of the Kidder Land Company of Boston and named for H. P. Kidder. It is said that the first house was built a few weeks later, by a Mr. Richardson, but early in September, A. W. Reid, who was the local agent of the land company, built and opened a hotel called the Kidder House, and it is claimed that this was the first building of any kind, except the depot and that Mr. Rice was the first family in the place...
The railroad depot was built in August, 1860, soon after the laying out of the town, and the first railroad and express agent was James Beaumont. The post-office was removed from Kenney's and the name changed from Emmett to Kidder, about this time. It is claimed that Simeon Miller opened the first grocery store in the fall of 1860, but Charles Kennedy and James Drummond were the first general merchants.
The population of Kidder in 1886 was about 250. It had one large general store, a steam grist mill, shops, etc.
Kidder Institute, formely Thayer College, was located here.(--Caldwell Co., pp. 553, 554, 555. See, also, Campbell, p. 91.)
It is situated on the Daviess County line in the northwest corner of the county, at Sec. 1, Twp. 57 N, R. 29 W on Highway J.
It is said that three of the commissioners looked the county over and first selected the site on a tract of land where Kingston now is, but the owner of the land refused to donate over forty acres to the county, and so the commissioners went elsewhere and at last selected the site where it now is...
In the spring of 1843 the town was regularly laid off into lots and blocks...
The commissioners, upon request of a large number of citizens, named the town Kingston, in honor of Judge Austin A. King of Richmond...
The first house in Kingston was hauled from Far West, and was originally built by a Mormon. It was placed in position July 5, 1843, by Walter A. Doak...The first merchant in the place was a Mr. Baxter, who purchased Doak's home in August or September, 1843, and opened a store therein. In the fall of 1843, the first court-house, a log building, was built. (Mr. Doak was positive the first court-house was not built until 1844.)
No post-office was established in Kingston until 1844. Kingston was incorporated by an act of the Legislature, November 21, 1857, as a town.(--Caldwell Co., pp. 259, 260, 262. See, also, Campbell, p. 91, Conard, Vol. 5, p. 542.)
It is situated at Sec. 21, 22, 27, Twp. 56 N, R. 28 W at the junction of H & 13.
There is a Kingston in Washington County--see Bliss.(--Rand McNally, 1974.)
There is a Marquand in Madison County.(--Rand McNally, 1974.)
Marshall's Flour and Saw Mill
In 1848 or 1849 Mr. Marquand purchased a stock of goods and the log building in which they were exposed for sale at Far West and removed them to his land, and laid the foundation for the town of Mirabile...About the same time Mr. Marquand established a blacksmith shop in the southeastern part of the town and soon after an ox-mill, which ground both corn and wheat, and bolted the latter into good flour. Some years afterward he started a carding mill which he operated for some time.
For a time the locality was called "Marquand's Store," but after some years, a second store was opened by Joseph Hoard...Isaac Stout built the brick hotel, a tavern. Mr. Marquand had a town or a village laid out and platted, and named it Mirabile, from a Latin word signifying wonderful.
During the Civil War, Mirabile was headquarters for the Unionists in this section of the country.(--Caldwell Co., pp. 318, 319; Campbell, p. 91.)
It is situated at Sec. 34, Twp. 56 N, R. 29 W on D south from H.
Mail via Polo; population 20.(--Rand McNally, 1974.)
Nettleton was laid out by Hunt, Godfrey & Co., of Hannibal in the year 1868...Both of these gentlemen were railroad men. The town was at first called Gomer, a Bible name (one of the sons of Joseph), and a Hebrew word signifying "finished" or "completed". In 1870 the name was changed by order of the county court to Nettleton, in honor of Geo. H. Nettleton, a former superintendent of the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad on which the town was located. Mr. Nettleton was a well-known railroad man. Another station had been laid off in Marion County and called Nettleton, but that station "played out."
A railroad station was built at Nettleton in 1870. The same year a post-office was established and called Gomer. The postmaster was J. E. Hith, who was also a land agent for the railroad...
The village had one store in 1870. Its population in 1878 was about 50, and in 1886 was about 125. It had two general stores, a grain elevator, lumber yard and daily mail.(--Caldwell Co., p. 428; Campbell, p. 91.)
It is situated at Sec. 11, Twp. 57 N, R. 29 W on B east of Hamilton.
It is a rural branch of Hamilton Post Office.(--Rand McNally, 1974.)
Mail via Hamilton--rural; no population.(--Rand McNally, 1974.)
Osterville (Davis Township)
This area is west of Braymer and north of 116.
It is situated at Secs. 26 & 27, Twp. 55 N, R. 28 W at the junction of 13, & 116 near Ray County Line.
It is situated at Sec. 11, Twp. 56 N, R. 26 W on A near Livingstone County Line.
Mail via Braymer; no population.(--Rand McNally, 1974.)
Salem was the first town--if it be proper to call it a town--in Caldwell County. It was never anything but a small hamlet, however. In 1834, while this was a portion of Ray County, there was a voting precinct established at Salem, and at the August election that year about twenty votes were cast...
A man named Sam'l Ritchie was a leading citizen of Salem, and one account says he was instrumental in the founding of the town...The statement has been published that at least one term of the Circuit Court was held at Salem, after the removal of the county seat from Far West, but this was a mistake. The courts were held at Far West until Kingston was laid out and a court house built, but never held at Salem.(--Caldwell Co., p. 125.)
Shoal Creek no longer is listed in Caldwell County; Shoal Creek Drice is listed in Newton County.(--Rand McNally, 1974.)
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