A Directory of Towns, Villages, and Hamlets
Past and Present
of Lincoln County, Missouri

Compiled by Arthur Paul Moser

[1]

Alexandria

Alexandria was located on the Auburn road, five miles north of Troy. It was surveyed and laid out in 1822, and was the second place where the county seat was established. The plat was not recorded. It was the first promising town ever laid out in the county. The streets were broad, crossing at right angles. There were spacious public squares, parks and reservation for public buildings. As the county seat remained there only a short time, it did not become a place of importance, and it now (1888) exists only on paper. (--History of Lincoln County, 1888, Goodspeed, 405, 406.)

It was a post-office five miles north of Troy. (--Campbell's Gazetteer of Missouri, 1874, 314.)

At one time the county seat of Lincoln County. It was made the county seat in 1823, and remained as such until 1829. Its population never exceeded fifty people. It was situated five miles north of the present site of Troy. For many years a post-office called Old Alexandria was kept there, but it was discontinued more than a quarter of a century ago (from 1901). (--Encyclopedia of the History of Missouri, 1901, Conard, Vol. I, 19, 20.)

It was situated on Section 36, Township 50 N, and Section 1, Township 49 N, Range 1 W. (--New Atlas of Missouri, 1874, Campbell, Map 21.)

Apex
Apex is north of Hurricane, in Snow Hill Township. (--Map of Missouri, 1894, Rand, McNally.)

Mail now is via Foley (rural) no population. (--Standard Reference Guide of Missouri, 1974, Rand, McNally.)

Argentville
Argentville is situated on Section 33, Township 50 N, Range 1 W. (--General Highway Map of Lincoln County, issued by The Missouri State Highway Department, 6-1-64. Unless otherwise noted all map locations are from this map.)

Mail is via Winfield (rural) no population. (--Rand, McNally, 1974.)

Auburn
A small village, ten miles north of Troy. It was laid out in April, 1838, on lands of Daniel Draper, Sr., and Philander Draper, on the east half of the southeast quarter of Section 2, Township 50 N, Range 1 W... In the early days Thacker Vivion had a cotton-gin near Auburn... For many years Auburn was a place of considerable business but since the railroads were completed through the county, it has declined, so that in 1888, it contained one general store and the post-office, kept by J.M. Terrell; a blacksmith shop by C. Teague; a Cumberland Presbyterian Church and a few residences. The 1888 physician was Dr. Joseph A. Knox... Auburn had about seventy-five inhabitants. (--Goodspeed, 406.)
[2]
It had two churches -- Presbyterian and Colored Methodist, and an academy. Population, about 100 (1874). (--Campbell, 314.)

It is situated on Section 2, Township 50 N, Range 1 W, at the junction of E & 61. (--General Highway Map of Lincoln County, issued by the State Highway Department, 6-1-64. Unless otherwise noted, all map locations are from this map.)

The post-office was discontinued in 1905, by reason of Rural Free Delivery. (--General Scheme, 1905, Taft, 61.)

Mail is va Elsberry (rural); no population. (--Rand, McNally, 1974.)

Bals
Bals was located in the southeast corner of the county near Cuivre River. (--Map of Missouri, 1911, Rand McNally.)
Blair
Blair was west of Mackville in Millwood Township. (--Map of Missouri, 1911, Rand McNally.)
Brevator
Brevator was a station on the St. Louis, Keokuk & Northwestern Railroad, forty-five miles from the city of St. Louis. A town was surveyed and laid out here in 1886, but it contained nothing but a small railroad depot. It was situated in Township 48, Range 2 east. (--Goodspeed, 406, 407.)

It was situated in the southeast corner of the county north of the confluence of Cuivre and Mississippi Rivers. (--Map of Missouri, 1894, Rand McNally.)

It was situated on Survey 306, Township 49 N, Range 2 E on 79 north of Old Monroe.

The post-office was discontinued in 1905. (--Taft, 61.)

Briscoe
Briscoe, on the St. Louis & Hannibal Railway, was laid out in 1883, on lands owned by Samuel Briscoe and others on Sections 22, 27, Township 50 N, Range 1 W. (--Goodspeed, 406.)

Mail is via Troy; population 50. (--Rand, McNally.)

It is located on Z west of 61.

[3]

Brussells

Brussells is situated on Section 35, Township 50 N, Range 1 E at the junction of KK & W, west of Foley.

Mail is via Foley (rural); no population. (--Rand, McNally, 1974.)

Burr Oak Valley
Burr Oak Valley (Robinson's Mill), 18 miles northeast of Troy, had two stores, one grist-mill and saw-mill, and one church -- Christian. Population, about 50 (1874). (--Campbell, 314.)

It was situated on Section 34, Township 50 N, Range 2 E in Hurricane Township. (--Map of Missouri, 1894, Rand McNally.)

The post-office was discontinued in 1905. (--Taft, 61.)

Cannon
Cannon is situated on Survey 1760, Township 51 N, R., R. 3 E south of Elsberry.

It is on the B-N Railway and has no population. (--Rand, McNally, 1974.)

Cap Au Gris
Cap Au Gris, on the Mississippi River, 18 miles east of Troy, had two stores and one school. Population was about 60. (--Campbell, 314.)

It was situated on the west bank of the Mississippi River in Township 49, Range 3 east, about sixteen miles east of Troy. It was laid out in November, 1845, on lands of David Bailey, in Survey 1653... At the August term of the county court in 1875, it was incorporated under the name and style of "The Inhabitants of the Town of Wiota", the old name being discarded; however, the people never became accustomed to the new name, and continued to use the old name. The board of trustees appointed when the place was incorporated, consisted of William Jewell, Antonion Guion, Patrick Wyland, Lem A. Springerstun and F.G. Hautt.

In an early day it was a shipping point for Troy, and some other places, and before the railroads took away its trade it was a place of considerable business and importance. In 1875 when it was incorporated, being some years before the railroads in this county were completed, it contained inhabitants enough to compose at least a board of trustees, but in 1888 the town existed only in name. (--Goodspeed, 407.)

It was situated on Survey 1763, Township 49 N, Range 3 E adjacent to lock and dam #25.

[4]

Cave City

See Silex. (--Goodspeed, 427.)
Chain of Rocks
Chain of Rocks is situated on the north side of Cuivre River, about four miles above Old Monroe... When the surveys for the railroads were run through this place... much business was transacted at Chain of Rocks. There were three general stores, a mill, a box factory, a blacksmith shop, two boot and shoe shops, three doctors, and a saloon. During most of the year a line of steamboats made regular trips and bore away the produce... After the completion of the railroads, the business of the town gradually decreased down to one store, and a blacksmith shop and one physician. It afterward revived and in 1885, there were three general stores, a blacksmith shop, and wagon shop, a shoe shop, two doctors and a telegraph line to Old Monroe. Reller & Pollard conducted the largest business of the town, consisting of dry goods, groceries, clothing, and tinware... Stephen Reller was postmaster.

Since 1885 the town has again sharply retrograded, the business in 1888, consisting of two general stores, kept respectively by Reller & Pollard, and J.J. Schacker, and a blacksmith shop by C.F. Schacker... The town was laid out on a Spanish grant, about the year 1835. The name was given it by Gen. Amos Burdyne, on account of a section of archimedes limestone exposed in the bank of the Cuivre River in front of the town. (--Goodspeed, 407, 408. See, also, Campbell, 314.)

Mail is via Old Monroe; population 50. (--Rand, McNally, 1974.)

Chantilla (or Chantilly)
This town was laid out July 2, 1852, on land of Robert McIntosh, on the southwest quarter of the northwest quarter of Section 19, Township 49 N, Range 3 W. It was a small post-office town. (--Goodspeed, 408.)

It was a post-office, nine miles east of Troy and had one store. (--Campbell, 314.)

Corso
It is a post-office four miles west of Millwood. (--Campbell, 314.)

It is situated on Section 6, Range 2 W and Section 1, Range 3 W in Township 51 on PP near Pike County line.

Population 30; Zip 63337. (--Rand, McNally, 1974.)

Dameron
Dameron is in the northeast corner of the county, on Keokuk & Northwestern Railroad, near Pike County line. (--Map of Missouri, 1894, Rand McNally.)

It is situated on Survey 1760, Township 51 N, Range 2 E on 79.

[5]
Mail is via Elsberry (rural); no population. (--Rand, McNally, 1974.)
Davis
Davis is situated on Section 33, Township 50 N, Range 1 W on BB east of H.

Mail is via Troy; population 45. (--Rand, McNally, 1974.)

Dryden
Dryden was eight miles north of Troy, and had one store and one church -- Baptist. Population about 50. (--Campbell, 314.)
Dutch Mills
About three miles east of Truxton, on the Troy road, were the extensive mills known as the Dutch Mills, consisting of a grist and saw mill, combined, and owned by Koelling Pettig & Company. These mills were located in the beautiful valley of Camp Creek, and were large and expensive in construction. They were run by steam power. (--Goodspeed, 453.)
Eagle Fork
Eagle Fork was situated on Section 25, Township 48 N, Range 2 E on Cuivre River. (--Map of Missouri, 1894, Rand McNally.)
Elsberry (elevation 450 feet)
Elsberry is situated on the St. Louis, Keokuk & Northwestern (now B - N) fifty-eight miles north of the city of St. Louis. It is located at the western margin of the Mississippi bottoms, and on the north side of Lost Creek, which cuts through the bluffs and flows to the Mississippi River. It was surveyed and platted in August, 1879, by Z.E. Freer, civil engineer for Robert Elsberry and others and named for Mr. Elsberry...The first house in Elsberry was a railroad warehouse. The first merchants were Smither, Carroll & Company, who came from Clarksville (Pike County), with a stock of groceries and hardware, and occupied the warehouse first built, one end being cut off for a store room. Soon after this Messrs. Elsberry & Wilkinson out up a two-story frame building, in which they opened a general store...

In 1888, the business of Elsberry was as follows: Dry goods, Rose & Eastin, Cannon & Alloway; groceries and farm implements, A. Shipp, B.E. Cannon & Bro... boots and shoes shop, John Stahl; hardware and lumber, Black & Luckett; barber, L.D. Gatewood. (--Goodspeed, 409, 411.)

[6]
It is twenty-three miles northeast from Troy. It had five churches -- Christian, Methodist Episcopal South, Presbyterian, Baptist and Catholic -- opera house, two banks, two newspapers, the Lincoln County "News", and the "Gazette", a flouring mill, saw-mill, two hotels, and about twenty-five other business concerns, including stores, shops, etc. Population (1899) estimated, 1,000. (--Conard, Vol. II, 373.)

It is situated on Survey 1706, Township 51 N, Range 2 E at the junction of B, P & 79.

Ethlyn
It is a station on the B-N Railroad, on Section 6, Township 48 N, Range 2 E, on C, west of Old Monroe.

Mail is via Old Monroe, population 50. (--Rand, McNally, 1974)

Fairview
Fairview was situated on Section 31, Township 50 N, Range 3 W. (--Map of Missouri, 1894, Rand McNally.)

The post-office was discontinued in 1905. (--Taft, 61.)

Falmouth
Falmouth, on the Mississippi River, 22 miles northeast from Troy, had two stores. Population was about 40. (--Campbell, 314.)

Falmouth (Westport) was a landing on a side channel of the Mississippi, about two and a half miles east of Elsberry. It was surveyed and laid out as a town, October 12, 1836, on lands of James Finley, Charles Cox and John Galloway, on the fractional Section 24, Township 51 north, Range 2 west... Formerly this was a place of considerable business, being the place where Uncle Hiram Wommack, well known throughout Lincoln County, made his start. At that time all stock and grain of the northeastern part of the county were shipped by river from Falmouth, while all the necessary merchandise for the people of that vicinity was shipped to this point. The building of the railroad and the establishment of Elsberry has absorbed the business, and left Falmouth only its name and the place of former greatness. (--Goodspeed, 413.)

Famous
Famous was three miles south of Davis, on the St. Louis & Hannibal Railroad. (--Campbell, 314.)

It was situated on Section 10, Township 49 N, Range 1 W. (--Map of Missouri, 1894, Rand McNally.)

[7]

Foley (elevation 445 feet)

Foley was situated on the St. Louis, Keokuk & Northwestern Railroad, fifty-one miles from St. Louis, and on part of Section 1, Township 49 N, Range 2 E, and on parts of Surveys 425 and 741. A short time before the railroad was completed to this point, B.F. Robertson bought six acres of land and gave the railroad company $500 in consideration of their locating the depot on his land, where it now (1888) stands... Then William McGuire, administrator of the Foley estate, laid out an addition to the town, and gave others lots to the railroad company on condition that they would locate the depot where it is (1888) and name the town Foley, in honor of Miss Addie Foley, (since Mrs. D.H. Young, of Fulton, Missouri.)

The donations were accepted and the town named accordingly. D.N. Trescott erected the first storehouse in Foley, the same year the depot was built... The large flouring mill in the south end of the town was the original Burr Oak Valley mills, brought to Foley in 1880, by Messrs. Mildenstein & Anderson, who operated it until 1884, when the former sold his interest to Broyles and the latter to Trescott...

Following is a list of the businesses of Foley in July, 1886; General merchandise, Robertson & Marks, Lee Frank and Wagner Bros.; drugs, Thurstin & Tipton; grain dealer, Columbus Broyles; Foley House, Mrs. Dodge; blacksmith shop, John Bricker; wagon maker, B. Wagner, Sr...

Burr Oak Lodge 378, I.O.O.F. was chartered and located at Burr Oak in 1877. It was moved to Foley in the fall of 1882. There was no church building in Foley, but the Baptists, Methodists and Christians held services occasionally at the school house. (--Goodspeed, 413, 414.)

It is situated on Survey 747, Township 49 N, Range 2 E, on 79 north from Winfield.

Fort Howard
Near Fort Howard, at the Chain of Rocks, on Riviere Cuivre, a battle was fought between the rangers and Black Hawk, in the Black Hawk War. (--Wetmore's Gazetteer of the State of Missouri, 1837, 108.)
Hawk Point
Hawk Point is a post-office eight miles west of Troy. It had one store in 1874. (--Campbell, 314.)

It is situated on Section 33, Township 49 N, Range 2 W at the junction of 47 & D.

[8]

High View

High View was two and one-quarter miles west of Bals. (--The State of Missouri, in 1904, Williams, 429.)
Hines
Hines is northeast of the former site of Famous. (--Map of Missouri, 1911, Rand McNally.)

The post-office was discontinued in 1905. (--Taft, 61.)

Mail is via Troy (rural); no population. (--Rand, McNally, 1974.)

Hobart
Hobart was located in the northwest corner of the county, northeast of Louisville. (--Map of Missouri, 1911, Rand McNally.)

It was situated on Survey 1812, Township 51 N, Range 2 W on an extension of Pike County OO.

The post-office was discontinued in 1905. (--Taft, 61.)

Hopkinsville
It was situated on Section 22, Township 51 N, Range 2 W, southeast of Louisville.
Hurricane
Hurricane was a station on the St. Louis, Keokuk & Northwestern Railroad, between Elsberry and Foley. It contained one general store. (--Goodspeed, 415.)

It was situated on Section 12, Township 50 N, Range 2 E. (--Map of Missouri, 1894, Rand McNally.)

There is a Hurricane in Bollinger County; a Hurricane Deck in Camden County. (--Rand, McNally, 1974.)

Jonesville
Jonesville was laid out in 1883 by M.T. Jones and wife on the east half of the northwest quarter of Section 26, Township 49 N, Range 16 W, being about a mile from Troy. It remained only a paper town. It may have been intended as a suburb for Troy. (--Goodspeed, 415.)
[9]

Linn's Mills

Linn's Mills, six miles southwest from Troy, had one store, and a grist and saw mill. Population was about 20. (--Campbell, 314.)

They were six and three-quarters miles southeast from Truxton, and eight miles southwest from Troy. (--Williams, 429.)

They were situated on Section 7, Township 48 N, Range 1 W. (--New Atlas of Missouri, Map 21.)

Lost Branch
See Olney. (--Goodspeed, 472.)

Lost Branch (Ninevah), eighteen miles west northwest from Troy, had two stores and one grist and saw mill. Population was about 50. (--Campbell, 314.)

Louisville
Louisville is situated in the northwest corner of the county, on Section 7, Township 51 N, Range 2 W; being about twenty-two miles west from Troy. It was laid out and platted in 1832 by Hannibal Marshall, Enoch Emerson and Dayton Crider, the original proprietors... Col. Meredith Cox, was, perhaps, the most celebrated early settler in that vicinity and here established and maintained a whiskey distillery for a number of years in pioneer times. Following the use of horse-power mills, a Mr. Brown erected a steam mill at or near Louisville. In 1829 a man by the name of Scroggins kept a store at the site of Louisville... In 1889 there was one general store kept by H.H. & T.T. Higginbotham. There were two blacksmith shops, run respectively by S.Y. Dyer and S.E. Estes, and a carpenter shop by Samuel Myers. The physicians were Drs. R.C. Prewitt and J.N. Tinsley; postmaster, T.J. Higginbotham...

On petition of two-thirds of the taxable inhabitants of Louisville, it was incorporated by the name and style of "The Inhabitants of the Town of Louisville", and Edward Huntsman, A.J. Dixon, William H. Bartlett, F.M. Dixon, and W.J. Wales were constituted the first board of trustees. (--Goodspeed, 415, 416. See, also, Campbell, 314.)

It is situated on K near the junction with KK near Pike County line.

Mail is via Cyrene, Pike County; population 50. (--Rand, McNally, 1974.)

Mackville
Mackville was situated on Section 30, Township 50 N, Range 1 W. (--Map of Missouri, 1894, Rand McNally.)
[10]

Maryknoll

Maryknoll is situated on Section 10, Township 48 N, Range 2 E north of C west of Old Monroe.

Mail is via Old Monroe; population is 100. (--Rand, McNally, 1974.)

Mashek
Mashek was southeast of Truxton, in Bedford Township. (--Map of Missouri, 1911, Rand McNally.)

It was six miles northeast from Hawk Point and six and one-quarter miles northwest from Troy. (--Williams, 429.)

The post-office was discontinued in 1905. (--Taft, 61.)

Millwood
Millwood is situated in the western part of Section 14, and the eastern part of Section 15, in Township 50 N, Range 2 west, and is about twelve miles northeast of Troy. In 1843 an effort was made for the establishment of a post-office near where Millwood now stands, and Dr. Hilary P. Mudd, who became the first postmaster, selected and sent to the department at Washington the name of Fairview for the new office; but there being already a post-office in the State of that name it could not be adopted. He then sent in the name of Millward, after the name of the Federal Marshal of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, who was at the time a prominent Whig politician. The post-office department mistook the last syllable, "ward", for "wood", hence the name "Millwood". Joseph S. Wells built the first house in the village in 1851, and used it as a store and dwelling house.

In 1888 the village contained a general store, two drug stores, kept respectively by Drs. H.B. Wommack and J.D. Mudd. The physicians were the druggists mentioned...

The history of Millwood would not be complete without a personal mention of its founder, Joseph S. Wells, who was one of the pioneer settlers of the county, and who taught the first school in the neighborhood, and who taught the first school in Millwood and neighborhood. After leaving Millwood he went to Olney and founded that village... After completing a period of very useful citizenship in the county he moved to Texas, where he remained until his death. (--Goodspeed, 420, 421.)

It had four stores, one church -- Catholic, one school and a carding machine. Population was about 90. (--Campbell, 314.)

It is situated on Section 14, 15, Township 50 N, Range 2 W east from D.

The post-office was discontinued in 1905. (--Taft, 61.)

Mail now is via Silex; population is 60. (--Rand, McNally, 1974.)

[11]

Monroe

See Old Monroe. (--Campbell, 314.)
Moscow (Now Moscow Mills, elevation 460 feet)
Moscow (Moscow on the Cuivre) is situated on the western bank of the Cuivre River, and on the St. Louis & Hannibal (Short Line) Railroad, four miles southeast of Troy. It was laid out March 17, 1821, by Morgan Wright, James Duncan and Shipley Ross, the original proprietors... It was laid out as a competing point with Monroe, Troy, Alexandria and other places, for location of the county seat.

Henry Martin was the first merchant of Moscow, having opened a stock of general merchandise soon after the town was laid out... William Hammer was the next settler in the town, and he also engaged in merchandising. He was the first postmaster the town ever had, having been appointed as a Republican. He remained in business until 1884 when he retired...

The following is a list of the businesses of Moscow in 1885: General stores, C. & L. Brandes and J. H. Anderson; grocery, A.M. Bouldin; saloon, J.C. Cunningham; hotel, Frank Hill; blacksmith, Louis Schroeder; Wing & Son, dealers in grain; Fritz Durand, blacksmith and wheelwright. (--Goodspeed, 418.)

It had two churches, a public school, a canning factory, flouring mill, a hotel and about a dozen stores and shops. Population (1899) estimated, 350. (--Conard, Vol. IV, 495.)

It is situated on Section 4 and Survey 1791, Township 48 N, Range 1 E on C east of 61.

The railroad name is Moscow. (--Rand, McNally, 1974.)

New Hope (now Newhope)
New Hope, a small village in Hurricane Township, was surveyed January 16, 1837, on land of Charles Cox, being the south part of the east half of the southeast quarter of Section 35, Township 51 N, Range 1 E. It was formerly a place of considerable business importance. In 1888 it was only a post-office hamlet, containing a general store, post-office and couple of churches, and a few residences. Andrew Cochran was the first merchant at New Hope, and kept a store there during the 1830'Section. (--Goodspeed, 421.)

It is fourteen miles northeast of Troy, and had five stores and one saw and grist mill, one school and three churches -- Baptist and Christian and Methodist. Population was about 200. (--Campbell, 314.)

It is situated at the junction of B & W.

There is a New Hope in Dent County; mail via Salem. (--Rand, McNally, 1974.)

[12]

New Salem

New Salem was a small hamlet, situated on Section 16, Township 49 N, Range 2 E. It contained New Salem Lodge No. 270, A.F. & A.M.,which was instituted in 1867. The lodge had seventeen members... The lodge owned a hall, which was the second story of a dwelling house. (--Goodspeed, 421, 422.)

It was six miles northwest from Cap Au Gris, and had one store, one church and the population was about 15. (--Campbell, 314.)

Ninevah
See Olney. See Lost Branch. (--Goodspeed, 422.)
Ninevah-Lost Branch post-office.
It is so designated on Map 21, New Atlas of Missouri, Campbell, 1874.
Oasis
Oasis was near Burr Oak. (--Map of Missouri, 1911, Rand McNally.)
Okete
Okete is situated in the northeast corner of Briscoe Township. (--Map of Missouri, 1911, Rand McNally.)

It is situated on Section 17, Township 50 N, Range 1 E.

Mail is via Troy (rural); no population. (--Rand, McNally, 1974.)

Old Monroe (elevation 445 feet)
Monroe or Old Monroe, as it is commonly called, is situated on the St. Louis, Keokuk & Northwestern Railroad, at the crossing of the Cuivre, the town being wholly on the north side of the river. It is located in the southwestern part of Lincoln County, and having been the first county seat thereof, it is oneof the most historic places in the county... The original town was laid out some time prior to 1819 by Ira and Almond Cottle, and Nathaniel Simonds, the original proprietors. A large portion of it was donated for the seat of justice. A large brick house was built about the year 1810. The county was organized in this house, and the courts held therein while the county seat remained at Monroe. In August, 1820, Almond Cottle was licensed to keep a "tavern", the fee being $10 for a year. It is presumed that this is the house in which the "tavern" was kept.

In 1888, it contained two general stores, kept respectively by Albert Isenstein and Hiram Niemeyer; a hotel, grocery and livery stable by W.M. Pollard; a hotel by Henry H. ---- and a blacksmith shop by Bruner. Isenstein also dealt in furniture and farm implements. (--Goodspeed, 417.)

[13]
Old Monroe was the site of Fort Howard and was named for President Monroe. (--How Missouri Counties, Towns, and Streams Were Named, Eaton, 3rd Article, 187.)

It is situated on Survey 1795, Township 45 N, Range 2 E.

See, also, Conard, Vol. V, 10; Campbell, 314.

Olney
Olney is situated in the southwest corner of Section 22, Township 50 N, Range 3 W. It lies northwest of Troy, and about fifteen miles distant on a straight line, and one mile east of the western boundary of the county... The town was founded in 1855 by Joseph S. Wells, who in that year, built the first house, but gave no name to the place. A few years later a post-office was established there by the name of Lost Branch, the name of the creek on which the town is located. The name originated, according to tradition, from the fact that one occasion, when the old pioneer settler, John Hudson, was hunting near the source of the creek, and near the present site of Olney, he became lost, and had to lie out over night, "and would have froze to death but for his faithful dogs, that lay on and around him, and kept him warm until daylight appeared, and he again discovered his bearings." For many years the town was regularly called Nineveh, but on the 17th of May, 1875, it was surveyed and platted by Surveyor John C. Downing for John C. Wells, and others, and was named Olney.

The first store in the place was opened by its founder, Joseph S. Wells, and continued until it was closed on account of the Civil War, after which it was again opened. Samuel Green opened a general store in 1876, and conducted it alone until 1881 when he took M. P. Smith as a partner, comprising the firm of Samuel Green & Company.

In 1888 the town contained two large general stores, a drug store, hardware and agricultural implement store, a furniture and undertaking store, millinery store, and other business houses, such as a blacksmith shop, wagon, buggies, plows, cultivators, etc. manufacturing concerns. (--Goodspeed, 422, 423.)

It is situated on Section 21, 22, Township 50 N, Range 3 W at the junction of D & E.

Owen (or Owen Station)
It was situated on the St. Louis, & Hannibal (Short Line) Railway, four miles southeast of Moscow. It was laid out and platted in January, 1884, on lands owned by James W. Owen and S.P. Hill, and named in honor of the former. Madison Wommack opened the first store at this place, and in February, 1889, he sold it to Captain Martin Moseley, who continued the business. Mr. Moseley was also the postmaster. (--Goodspeed, 426, 427.)

It was four miles southeast of Moscow Mills. (--Williams, 429.)

[14]
It was situated on Section 13, Township 48 N, Range 1 E. (--Map of Missouri, 1894, Rand McNally.)

Owen's Station, in St. Louis County, is the former name of Bridgeton. (--Conard, Vol. V, 40.)

Post Oak
Post Oak was situated on Section 13, Township 48 N, Range 1 W in Clark Township. (--New Atlas of Missouri, Map 13.)

There is a Post Oak in Johnson County. (--Rand, McNally, 1974.)

Robinson's Mill
See Burr Oak Valley. (--Campbell, 314.)
Silex
Silex is situated on the St. Louis & Keokuk Railroad, twelve miles northwest of Troy. In 1880 George P. Smith was engaged in the mercantile business at a point called Cave City, just beyond the rock-cut north of where Silex now (1888) stands, and when the railroad was completed to the site of Silex, he moved his stock of goods there and opened the first store in the town... The town was laid out and platted in 1882, by Portas B. Weare.

In 1888 there were a general store and lumberyard; furniture and undertaking store, millinery store, blacksmith shop, etc.

J.C. Kimbler was postmaster; T.B. Duncan had a corn mill... (--Goodspeed, 427, 428.)

It had a public school, a church, flouring mill, two saw mills, a bank, and about half a dozen other business places, including a hotel, stores, shops, etc. Population (1899) estimated, 200. (--Conard, Vol. V, 593.)

It is situated on Section 6 & 7, Township 50 N, Range 1 W on E east of the junction with H.

Sledd
Sledd was in the northwest corner of Hurricane Township. (--Map of Missouri, 1925, Rand McNally.)
Sterling
Sterling was a landing place on the west bank of the Mississippi River. It was laid off November 9, 1836, on a Spanish Grant of 800 arpents, confirmed by Congress to Louis Brazeau, being Survey 1679, Township 50 N, Range 3 E, on lands of Francis Withington and Joseph Cochran... Like the other landings on the river in Lincoln County, Sterling has become since the building of the railroads, a place only in name. (--Goodspeed, 428.)
[15]

Stout's Fort

Stout's Fort was erected at the spring, a short distance south of where Auburn stands. (--Goodspeed, 408.)
Sulphur Lick
Sulphur Lick was a large spring, close to the north fork of Cuivre. It had a Baptist Church, organized by the Rev. Bethuel Riggs, in 1813. (--Goodspeed, 475.)
Troy (elevation 570 feet)
Troy, the county seat of Lincoln County, is situated on the St. Louis & Hannibal (Short Line) Railway, 68.4 miles south from Hannibal and fifty-seven miles northwest from St. Louis. It lies one mile north and the same distance west of the southeast corner of Township 49 N, Range 1 west. It was surveyed and laid out September 19, 1819, by Deacon Joseph Cottle, and others, the original proprietors...

The first house in Troy was a log cabin erected about the year 1801 by Deacon Joseph Cottle. It stood a short distance south of the public spring. Soon thereafter a corn mill, operated by horsepower, was erected by Mr. Cottle near his residence... Zadock Woods erected a double log house... about thirty-five yards north of the spring. It was in this house where he kept the first tavern of the place, and where the officers first met and organized the county of Lincoln...

Wood's Fort. This fort... used in the War of 1812-15, consisted of a stockade made of strong oak timbers, set in the ground and extending perpendicularly to a sufficient height above to afford protection from the Indians. This fort was located near the center of Troy and was the most extensive fort erected in the territory now included in Lincoln County...

Among other officers stationed at this fort was Lieut. Zachary Taylor (afterward President Taylor)...

J. Robbins was the first merchant of the place. In 1819 Wood's Fort was still standing, or at least a portion of it, and Mr. Robbins kept the only store in Troy, opposite this store, across Main Street, was a blacksmith shop... (--Goodspeed, 428, 429, 430, 431. See, also, Campbell, 314; Conard, Vol. VI, 219.)

It is situated at the junction of 47 & 61.

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Truxton

Truxton is situated in the southwest corner of Lincoln County, one mile from the Montgomery County line and three-fourths of a mile from the Warren County line, being on Section 22, Township 49 N, Range 3 W...

Robert B. Allen, the founder of Truxton, was born in Virginia October 6, 1808. He settled in Lincoln County in 1840, and three years later he built the first house in Truxton. In June, 1852, he procured the services of James Reid, the county surveyor, and with his assistance laid out and platted the town of Truxton...

The village was named in honor of Capt. Truxton, a noted naval officer in the Revolutionary War...

In 1888 Truxton had a livery and hack line to Jonesburg, Montgomery County, run by H.L. Owens...A carpenter shop, wagon maker and blacksmith. There were millinery and dressmaking establishments, boots and shoe store, a grist and saw mill. Crockett & Ritter ran a hack and carried the mail to and from Jonesburg. (--Goodspeed, 451, 452.)

It had two churches, Methodist Episcopal and Lutheran, a high school, steam saw mill and grist mill, a newspaper, the "Republican", a hotel, and about fifteen stores, shops, etc. Population, 1899 (estimated) 250. (--Conard, Vol. VI, 224.)

It is situated on Section 22, Township 49 N, Range 3 W at the junction of A & DD.

Turnbull's Fort
James Turnbull lived on Bob's Creek, in Section 32, Township 49 N, Range 2 E. The house was a solid log structure and was generally called Turnbull's Fort... (--Goodspeed, 390, 391.)
Westport
See Falmouth.
Westport Island
It is situated on Section 13, Township 51 N, Range 1 E.
Whiteside
It was named after its proprietor, William Whiteside and is a village on the St. Louis & Hannibal (Short Line) Railway, situated in the central part of Township 51 north, Range 1 west, and about fourteen miles on a direct line from Troy. When the railroad was completed, in 1882, Mr. Whiteside, in order to secure the erection of a depot on his farm, donated to the railroad company, one-half of six acres of land for a town site, and a judgment in his favor for $500 and also built the depot. The railroad company accepted the donation and laid out the town. The first houses in the town were erected by Dayton Moxley and Benjamin Miller. These were frame dwelling houses. The first merchants were Dayton Moxley and W. Hull, under the name of Moxley & Hull, who kept a grocery... When the post-office was established, Dayton Moxley was made postmaster.
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Miss Emma Keightley taught the first school in Whiteside in 1886. In 1888, the village contained eighty to a hundred inhabitants. (--Goodspeed, 455, 456; See, also, Conard, Vol. VI, 465.)

It is situated on Survey 1686, Township 51 N, Range 1 W on K west of 61.

Winfield (elevation 455 feet)
Winfield is situated on the St. Louis, Keokuk & Northwestern Railway, forty-eight miles northwest from the city of St. Louis... The town was surveyed and platted in October, 1879. John Wise, the first merchant in Winfield, began business in general merchandising in 1880, and after continuing for a time, retired...

In 1888, there were general stores, by A.C. Depue and C.H. Sande; also there was a dealer in livestock. There were two physicians, a hotel, furniture store and lumberyard...

Winfield was incorporated February 14, 1882, under the corporate name of "The Inhabitants of the Town of Winfield". (--Goodspeed, 453, 454, 455.)

It had a bank, flouring and grist mills, hotel, and about a dozen stores and miscellaneous shops. Population, 1899, (estimated), 700. (--Conard, Vol. VI, 490.)

It is situated on Section 23, 24, Township 49 N, Range 2 E on 47 west of 79.

Wiota
See Cap Au Gris. (--Goodspeed, 407.)
Wood's Fort
See Troy. (--Goodspeed, 430.)

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