John's Hospital began in a two-story house at the southwest corner
of Washington and Chestnut at 536 East Chestnut. It was a private
sanitarium until a group of about 75 ladies in the Springfield Hospital
Aid Society became involved. They, under the leadership of Dr. J.E.
Tefft, applied to the Sisters of Mercy in St. Louis to send some
Sisters to Springfield to administer the hospital. The Sisters arrived
in Springfield on October 29, 1891. The original three were Sister
M. Alacoque Kelley, Sister M. Xavier Kinsella and Sister M. Stanislaus
Tennelly. A month later two more Sisters arrived.
They arrived to find not a hospital, as they were expecting, but
an ordinary two-story gray brick house with eight rooms. The Sisters
had to live in the residence as well as run a hospital from it.
The Sisters cared for those too ill to leave home by walking, sometimes
ten miles, to the patient's home. The Sisters also raised livestock
and a garden and did sewing and teaching for pay. In 1893 a three-story
frame addition was added. This allowed the hospital to serve 20
patients at a time.
In 1899 Springfield was hit by a smallpox epidemic. A "pest camp"
was set up with tents for the victims outside the Springfield city
limits. The Sisters of Mercy volunteered to care for these unfortunates
when no one else would venture near the camp for fear of being infected.
One of the Sisters contracted the disease, but survived. To thank
them for their compassion, Springfield City Council voted to donate
$500 to the Sisters and many Springfieldians gave money themselves
in addition. This money was used to build a new 40 bed hospital
in 1906 at the corner of Nichols Avenue and Main Street. The hospital's
address was 1015 North Main Street.
This 1906 hospital is the one portrayed in the postcard. The St.
John's school of nursing also began in 1906 with five students.
Also in 1906 the Sisters of Mercy moved into its own quarters at
Scott and Main Streets.
The new hospital building was four stories high made of red brick
and stone. The building cost $40,000 to build and depended on donations
from Springfield citizens to raise the $5,000 more needed to furnish
the rooms. By 1920 plans were made to expand the hospital. In 1923
a new $360,000 addition increased the capacity of the hospital from
40 beds to 105 beds. The picture in the postcard was made after
the hospital's addition. Starting in 1923 St. John's Hospital treated
Frisco employees that had been going to the
Frisco Hospital. They were treated in an annex of St. John's
Hospital. In the new hospital rooms were equipped for the first
time with signal lights to summons the nurses (bells had previously
been used) and on the third floor was built a large chapel for the
Sisters and nurses. This building served as St. Johns hospital until
1952 when St. Johns opened in its
present location at Cherokee Street and National Avenue.
The old building was converted to Mercy Hospital, which was actually
a nursing home. The name was later changed to Mercy Villa. In 1975
Mercy Villa moved to a new facility on St. John's Regional Health
Center grounds at 1845 South Rogers. The old hospital building was
sold to the Assemblies of God. In 1982 the Mercy Villa moved to
its current location at 1400 East Montclair and the Rogers building
became a psychiatric unit of St. John's.