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Ruth Bader Ginsburg

President Bill Clinton chose Ruth Bader Ginsburg as his first appointment to the United States Supreme Court. He nominated her as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court on June 14, 1993, to fill the seat vacated by retiring Justice Byron White. 

During her confirmation hearings, she refused to answer questions regarding her personal views on most issues. Despite this, the U.S. Senate confirmed her by a 96-to-3 vote. She took her judicial oath on August 10, 1993.

Notable cases:

United States v. Virginia, 518 U.S. 515 (1996) Court Opinion. Virginia Military Institute's male-only admission policy violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Writing for the majority, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg stated that because VMI failed to show "exceedingly persuasive justification" for its sex-biased admissions policy, it violated the Fourteenth Amendment's equal protection clause.

Olmstead v. LC., 527 U.S. 581 (1999) Court Opinion. This case regarded discrimination of people with disabilities in institutions. The Supreme Court held that under the Americans with Disabilities Act, individuals with disabilities have the right to live in the community rather than in institutions if (1) their treatment professionals determine that they are able to live in the community; (2) the individuals do not object to live in the community; and (3) provision of services in the community can be provided without fundamentally altering the way in which the state serves people similar people with disabilities.

Know more:
The Supreme Court : a C-SPAN book featuring the justices in their own words

Stars of David : prominent Jews talk about being Jewish

Video resources on the Constitution - Judicial independence: a Conversation on the Constitution with Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg on the Fourteenth Amendment

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