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ARTICLE_DATE March, 01 2010 00:01:00
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ARTICLE_DESCRIPTION <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana; font-size: small; ">First female member of the United States Supreme Court.</span>
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ARTICLE_TEXT <p><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana; font-size: 13px; "><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">On July 7, 1981, Reagan &mdash; who had pledged during his&nbsp;</font><a class="mw-redirect" title="U.S. presidential election, 1980" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; " href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._presidential_election,_1980"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">1980 presidential campaign</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;to appoint the first woman to the Court &mdash; nominated O'Connor as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.&nbsp;</font><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">O'Connor was confirmed by the&nbsp;</font><a title="United States Senate" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; " href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Senate"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">U.S. Senate</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;with a vote of 99&ndash;0. In her first year on the Court she received over 60,000 letters from the public, more than any other justice in history.</font><br /> <br /> </span><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">She served as an Associate Justice from 1981 until her retirement from the Court in 2006.</font></p> <div style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; "><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">Some of the cases in which O'Connor was the deciding vote include:</font></div> <p><i><a title="Boy Scouts of America v. Dale" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; " href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boy_Scouts_of_America_v._Dale"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">Boy Scouts of America v. Dale</font></font></a></i><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">,&nbsp;</font><span class="plainlinks Apple-style-span"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">530&nbsp;</font><a title="United States Reports" style="background-color: initial !important; background-image: none !important; text-decoration: none; " href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Reports"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">U.S.</font></font></a>&nbsp;<a class="external text" rel="nofollow" style="background-color: initial; text-decoration: none; background-repeat: no-repeat no-repeat; " href="http://supreme.justia.com/us/530/640/case.html"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">640</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;(2000)&nbsp;</font></span><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">O'Connor joined the majority in holding that&nbsp;</font><a title="New Jersey" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; " href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Jersey"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">New Jersey</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;violated the&nbsp;</font><a title="Boy Scouts of America" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; " href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boy_Scouts_of_America"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">Boy Scouts</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">' freedom of association by prohibiting it from discriminating against its troop leaders on the basis of sexual orientation.</font></p> <p><i><a title="United States v. Lopez" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; " href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_v._Lopez"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">United States v. Lopez</font></font></a></i><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">,&nbsp;</font><span class="plainlinks Apple-style-span"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">514&nbsp;</font><a title="United States Reports" style="background-color: initial !important; background-image: none !important; text-decoration: none; " href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Reports"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">U.S.</font></font></a>&nbsp;<a class="external text" rel="nofollow" style="background-color: initial; text-decoration: none; background-repeat: no-repeat no-repeat; " href="http://supreme.justia.com/us/514/549/case.html"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">549</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;(1995)&nbsp;</font></span><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">O'Connor joined a majority holding unconstitutional Gun-Free School Zones Act as beyond Congress's&nbsp;</font><a title="Commerce Clause" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; " href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commerce_Clause"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">Commerce Clause</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;power.</font></p> <p><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana; font-size: 13px; "><i><a title="Bush v. Gore" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; " href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bush_v._Gore"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">Bush v. Gore</font></font></a></i><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">,&nbsp;</font><span class="plainlinks Apple-style-span"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">531&nbsp;</font><a title="United States Reports" style="background-color: initial !important; background-image: none !important; text-decoration: none; " href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Reports"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">U.S.</font></font></a>&nbsp;<a class="external text" rel="nofollow" style="background-color: initial; text-decoration: none; background-repeat: no-repeat no-repeat; " href="http://supreme.justia.com/us/531/98/case.html"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">98</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;(2000)&nbsp;</font></span><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">O'Connor joined with four other justices on December 12, 2000, to rule on the&nbsp;</font><i><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">Bush v. Gore</font></i><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;case that ceased challenges to the results of the&nbsp;</font><a class="mw-redirect" title="U.S. presidential election, 2000" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; " href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._presidential_election,_2000"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">2000 presidential election</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;(ruling to stop the ongoing&nbsp;</font><a title="Florida election recount" style="background-color: initial; background-image: none; text-decoration: none; " href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florida_election_recount"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#000000"><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">Florida election recount</font></font></a><font class="Apple-style-span" size="2">&nbsp;and to allow no further recounts).</font></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><b>Read More</b></p> <p><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana; font-size: 13px; "> </span></p> <div style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; "><font class="Apple-style-span" face="verdana, geneva, arial, helvetica, sans-serif"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#202020"><a id="r4lf" title="A Conversation on the Constitution" style="color: rgb(85, 26, 139); " href="http://coolcat.org/record=b2285407~S1">A Conversation on the Constitution</a>&nbsp;-&nbsp;&nbsp;<font class="Apple-style-span" face="verdana, geneva, arial, helvetica, sans-serif"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#202020">U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor and others fielded questions in Washington Tuesday, May 16, 2006 from 50 high school students from the Philadelphia and Los Angeles areas.&nbsp;</font></font></font></font></div> <p><font class="Apple-style-span" face="verdana, geneva, arial, helvetica, sans-serif"><font class="Apple-style-span" color="#202020"><a id="jdfr" title="Lazy B: growing up on a cattle ranch in the American Southwest" style="color: rgb(85, 26, 139); " href="http://coolcat.org/record=b1917153~S1">Lazy B: growing up on a cattle ranch in the American Southwest</a>&nbsp;- O'Connor and her brother co-wrote this biographical account of their early lives living on their cattle ranch.</font></font></p> <p><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: verdana, geneva, arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; color: rgb(32, 32, 32); "><a id="led:" title="The majesty of the law: reflections of a Supreme Court Justice" style="color: rgb(85, 26, 139); " href="http://coolcat.org/record=b2023685~S1">The majesty of the law: reflections of a Supreme Court Justice</a>&nbsp;- O'Connor's biography of her life as a Supreme Court Justice.</span>&nbsp;</p>
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Law

Sandra Day O'Connor

On July 7, 1981, Reagan — who had pledged during his 1980 presidential campaign to appoint the first woman to the Court — nominated O'Connor as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. O'Connor was confirmed by the U.S. Senate with a vote of 99–0. In her first year on the Court she received over 60,000 letters from the public, more than any other justice in history.

She served as an Associate Justice from 1981 until her retirement from the Court in 2006.

Some of the cases in which O'Connor was the deciding vote include:

Boy Scouts of America v. Dale530 U.S. 640 (2000) O'Connor joined the majority in holding that New Jersey violated the Boy Scouts' freedom of association by prohibiting it from discriminating against its troop leaders on the basis of sexual orientation.

United States v. Lopez514 U.S. 549 (1995) O'Connor joined a majority holding unconstitutional Gun-Free School Zones Act as beyond Congress's Commerce Clause power.

Bush v. Gore531 U.S. 98 (2000) O'Connor joined with four other justices on December 12, 2000, to rule on the Bush v. Gore case that ceased challenges to the results of the 2000 presidential election (ruling to stop the ongoing Florida election recount and to allow no further recounts).

 

Read More

A Conversation on the Constitution -  U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor and others fielded questions in Washington Tuesday, May 16, 2006 from 50 high school students from the Philadelphia and Los Angeles areas. 

Lazy B: growing up on a cattle ranch in the American Southwest - O'Connor and her brother co-wrote this biographical account of their early lives living on their cattle ranch.

The majesty of the law: reflections of a Supreme Court Justice - O'Connor's biography of her life as a Supreme Court Justice. 


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